The New Stone Age Though on the planet context the New Stone 

Age started a lot earlier, in 7000 B.C., neolithic settlements within the
Indian sub-continent usually are not older than 6000 B.C. Some settlements
present in south India and japanese India are as late as 1000 B.C.,

The individuals of this age used instruments and implements of polished
stone. They significantly used stone axes, which have been present in laige
numbers all through the better a part of the nation, _ This chopping instrument
was put to varied makes use of by the individuals, and in historical legends
Parasurama turned an vital axe- wielding hero

Based mostly on the varieties of axes utilized by neolithic settlers, we discover three vital areas of neolithic settlements. One space is to be discovered within the north within the valley of Kashmir at a spot referred to as Burzahom at a distance of about 20 km from Srinagar. The neolithic individuals lived there on a plateau in pits, and doubtless had a hunt-* ing and fishing economic system.

They didn’t appear to have been acquainted with agriculture or domestication of animals. They used not solely polished tools- of stone, however what’s extra attention-grabbing, they used quite a few instruments and weapons made from bone. The one different place which has yielded appreciable bone implements in India is Chirand, which is 40 km west of Patna On the northern aspect of the Ganga. These bone implements have been’present in a late neolithic setup in an space with about 100 cm rainfall. The settlement turned potential due to the open land out there on account of the becoming a member of collectively of 4 rivers, Ganga, Son, Gandak aDd Gha- ghra at this1 place

individuals of Burzahom used coarse gray pottery

The individuals of Burzahom used coarse gray pottery. It’s interesting1
that the Burzahom home canine had been buried with their masters of their
gravest Pit dwelling and the inserting of home canine within the graves of the
masters don’t appear to be the apply with neolithic individuals in another a
part of India. The earliest date for Burzahom is about 2400 B.C., however the
bones recovered from Chirand can’t be dated sooner than 1600 B.C. and so they
probably belong to a stone-copper part.

The second gioup of neolithic individuals lived in south India south of the
Godavari river. They often settled on the tops of granite lulls or on plateaus
close to the river banks, They used stone axes and in addition some sort of
stone blades Fireplace- baked earthen collectible figurines counsel that they
saved’a lot of cattle. They possessed cattle, sheep and goats. They used
rubbing stone querns, which exhibits that they had been acquainted with the
artwork of manufacturing grains


Literature – Battle between two teams


The Gupta interval is outstanding for the manufacturing of secular literature. To this era belong 13 performs written by Bhasa. However what has made the Gupta interval actually well-known is the work of Kalidasa. Kalidasa wrote Abhijnanasakuntalam, which is taken into account to be among the finest hundred literary works on the planet.

It was one of many earliest Indian works to be translated into European languages, the opposite work being the Bhagavadgita. Two issues could be famous in regards to the performs produced in India within the Gupta interval. First, these are all comedies we don’t come throughout any tragedies. Secondly, characters of the upper and decrease courses don’t communicate the identical language; girls and sutras that includes in these performs use Prakrit

Throughout this era we additionally discover a rise within the manufacturing of non secular literature. Most works of the interval had a powerful spiritual bias. The 2 nice epics, specifically the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, have been lastly compiled in all probability within the fourth century A D The Ramayana tells us the story of Rama, who was banished by his father Dasaratha from the dominion of Ayodhya for 14 years on account of the machinations of his stepmother Kaikeyi. He faithfully carried out the orders of his father and went to , dwell within the forest, the place his spouse Sita was kidnapped by Ravana, the king of Lanka Finally Rama with the assistance of his brother Lakshmana led an expedition to Lanka, defeated Ravana and introduced again Sita, The story has two vital ethical strands.

First, it idealizes the establishment of household during which a son should obey his father, the youthful brother should obey his elder brother and the spouse should be devoted to her husband in all circumstances. Second, Ravana symbolizes the power of evil, and Rama symbolizes the power of righteousness. In the long run righteousness triumphs over the forces of evil, and good order over unhealthy order.

Battle between two teams

The Mahabharata’ is basically the story of a battle between two teams of cousins, the Kauravas and the Pandavas. It exhibits that kingship is aware of no kinship though the Pandavas have been entitled to their share within the kingdom left by Dhritarashtra, the Kauravas refused to offer them even a single inch of territory. This led to a protracted fratricidal conflict between the Pandavas assisted by Krishna, and the Kauravas. Finally the Kauravas have been worsted within the combat, and the Pandavas got here out victorious.

This story additionally represents the victory of righteousness over the forces of evil. The Bhagavadgita varieties an vital a part of the Mahabharata. It teaches poison should perform the duties assigned to him by his caste and rank underneath all circumstances with none want for reward.


A Assortment of Jewish Brief Tales

Shut to 1 Hundred gripping actual life tales which painting Jewish immigrant life in America.

Pleasant reminiscences for the outdated and an interesting revelation for the youthful generations.

Full of Jewish humor, satire and human curiosity.

THESE brief tales appeared over an extended interval in lots of Anglo-Jewish weeklies and within the “Chicago Sentinel.” I’ve been urged by numerous associates to have them revealed in e book type. The best encouragement got here from my good friend, Rabbi Solomon B. Freehof, who wrote to me:

“In no matter language you write, you handle to offer the sensation of Jewish immigrant life in America. Some day books akin to yours shall be of worth to the historian. Assume how priceless it might be if we had such intimate sketches of the lifetime of the Jews in Spain or in Babylon.”

This e book seems at an ideal second in Jewish historical past, at a time after we are thrilled by the institution of the State of Israel. It’s clear to everybody that the very nice majority of American Jews will stay to stay as Americans on this era and in generations to come back. These tales are glimpses into the minds and lives of those that are “Right here To Keep.”

I’m very grateful to Rabbi Abraham Burstein for his splendid cooperation in arranging the order of the tales, to Miss Anna Fisch of the Bloch Publishing Co., for her priceless solutions, and final however not least, to my daughter, Pearl, for studying the proofs.


LEO, the 13 yr outdated son of Mr. and Mrs. Benjamin Simon, sits on the altar in entrance of the Aron Kodesh, the ark of the Legislation. On his proper is his father; on the left sits Reuben Financial institution, president of the congregation.

That is the nice day in Leo’s younger life. In the present day he celebrates his Bar Mitzvah. For weeks, for months he has labored with nice zeal and devotion to good his speech and his half within the ceremony. And now the day of all days has arrived.

Shortly he shall be known as upon to face earlier than the con-gregation and ship his tackle. He notes the restless-ness of his father and mom; he sees the beaming faces of his outdated grandparents. He anticipates the second when, having completed the declaration of religion, Rabbi Feingold will give him the benediction. Then finally, he’ll turn into a full fledged member of the Home of Israel.


MY FRIEND and I have been introduced up collectively in the identical little city in Europe. Each Friday, earlier than the strategy of the Sabbath, our fathers used to take us to a Russian Turkish tub. In these days the Turkish tub was the “group bathtub.”

However in fact, earlier than die excessive holidays, the Yamim Tovim, the pilgrimage to the bathtub home was extra vital than ever. For no good Jew might elevate his Yom Tov soul to a Yom Tov spirit until his physique had been Russian-Turkishized.

And in all these years throughout which my buddy loved the house comforts of “the American method” he nonetheless visited Turkish tub in his previous neighborhood.

With him it was a practice.

However a day earlier than Succoth, once I advised that we would each take a Turkish tub, he grew to become enraged and mentioned, “What? Go along with you to have a Turkish tub? Nothing doing! I’ve sweated enoughno extra!”

I used to be astonished to seek out he had immediately grown chilly to this warmest, this most pleasant, earthly paradise.

He hemmed and hawed some time earlier than I succeeded in figuring out of him the rationale for his new angle. And right here is the entire story in his personal phrases:

At some point my spouse advised that I make a journey to her relations in Boston. Enterprise right here isn’t so In plain phrases, it s on the bum. It is likely to be, she advised, that her household, most of whom are rich, would discover a busi-ness for me or a job.

I come to her uncle a wealthy lawyer. He’s higly happy to see me. He tells me that on the “ very busy; however he insists that I return at two o clock m th^afternoon; then it is going to be a pleasure for him to enter arrive precisely on the minute-two r. M. ^ uncle the lawyer, explains to me that he has huge circumstances pending in court docket which have made him nervous; and subsequently he goes each afternoon at two o dock for an Hectrk therapeutic massage, a sweat tub, and an alcohol rub-down. And on today he takes me with him in order that I, too, mav get the kinks labored out of my pores and skin.

And, say what you’ll, the sweat and the therapeutic massage gave

“”‘I ex pec ted my’ uncle to ask me to have supper with him the alcohol rub had aroused my appetite-but as an alternative lie identified the place .zero catch the cat which might take me to my lodge: and a. the parting second he beed me to name on him once more earlier than I left the c y.


Promised him I might make him Jewish spouse

“Once I married Jack, I promised him I might make him Jewish spouse. I used to be a lot impressed with the rabbi who instructed me within the Jewish faith. I happy him all these years with gefilte fish, that I discovered to make to perfection; kreplach; and even Russian borsht, the sort you at all times made for him.

“All these years I pleaded and begged him that in return he ought to turn into extra Jewish. As a matter of reality, I’m not sincere with myself once I say extra Jewish. I really feel typically that he isn’t a Jew in any respect. Please inform me, Mom Shapiro, did you ever train him to say his evening prayer earlier than going to mattress? Did he ever pray within the morning? Has he ever finished something whereas a boy to indicate that he was Jewish? I used to be introduced up in a non secular house and for the love of him I turned Jewish. However my home is empty of faith and I can’t make him even go to the synagogue as soon as every week. Once I ask him to take me to providers, one time he’ll inform me he’s drained. The second time he’ll inform me that we may be good Jews with out

going to shul. Nicely, I don’t perceive it. All I can inform you, Mom Shapiro, is that my life is monotonous, and I got here right here to ask you to assist me. I wish to be Jewish mom for my anticipated youngster. . . .”

This sudden info introduced colour to the face of Gussie Shapiro. She lifted her eyes and seemed steadily into the face of her pleading daughter-in-law, the one about to make her a grandmother. With a way of guilt she mentioned, “What can I do? That is America and kids have their very own method.’’

“Nicely,” got here the reply from Mary, “I, too, was born in America and I used to be non secular all my life.”

At this second Gussie Shapiro felt spiritually bank-rupt. She may discover no reply. As a substitute she rushed over to the phone and known as up her son.

“Jack, I’m going this morning to the cemetery to go to your father and I’m not going to tug alongside on street-cars. You higher come over together with your vehicle and take me over there. What do you say you’re busy? I used to be not too busy to purchase this vehicle for you. In any case, it’s my automotive. In addition to, while you come you should have an actual shock.”

When Jack got here he was greater than stunned. His face expressed irritation.


White beard grew to become a spectacular determine

The Jew with the white beard grew to become a spectacular determine within the neighborhood. Whereas it was admired by a few of the older technology, it was a goal for ridicule stones in the summertime and snow balls within the winter for the youths of that group.

One night after dinner previous Aaron Bloom was lastly persuaded by his son and daughter-in-law to shorten his cherished beard.

As he adopted his son to the barber store, the daddy lamented.

“I can’t perceive. Don’t these faculty youngsters know that Abraham Lincoln had a beard; Basic Grant was not ashamed to be bearded; to everybody the poet, Longfellow, is so beloved—he, too, had a beard. Someway I can’t perceive it, and alternatively I can hardly blame the youngsters on the streets. Even after I come to the synagogue, I’m the one one with a beard and everybody seems to be at me with curiosity.”

“You stated it, Pa,” answered his son, indifferently.

Nervous and frightened, Aaron Bloom sat down within the barber chair. The partitions had been lined with mirrors, and wherever he turned he noticed one other Aaron Bloom.

Within the homeland one didn’t see such contraptions.

The barber spoke to Oscar in a form of mysterious language. The barber smiled and the son winked. The scissors clicked over Bloom’s head and pitilessly reduce his hair, grown in a far land. Bloom felt a shudder over his total physique and his coronary heart beat closely.

“Don’t reduce my beard so brief,” cried the previous man in dismay.      .              ,

“Pa,” interposed the son, “you may’t exit into the road with such a protracted beard. You’ll be stoned. We’re in an American neighborhood. Simply let it’s touched up a bit. Simply permit the lengthy edges to be trimmed off—no extra.

“My son,” pleaded the previous man, “in my previous age, woe is me—I’ve by no means achieved it—woe is me!”

“Simply contact it up a bit, the lengthy ends solely,” the son directed the barber.

Patches of gray-white hair fell to the ground, and had been moistened with sizzling, crystal tears from the previous man’s eyes.


DUE to the innovation launched into sure congrega-tions of getting Bar Mitzvahs on Friday evening, Temple Gates of Heaven was overcrowded.

Kin, associates, enterprise associates, prospects each worthwhile and unprofitable-had all come to witness the Bar Mitzvah of Sammy, son of Mr. and Mrs. Beniamin Brooks.


“Sure,” answered Barkan with a sigh, “however the rabbi, could he dwell lengthy, won’t give me the pleasure to see the way it seems to be on him.”

The rebbetzin was silent. … She knew her husband, the rabbi. . . . She additionally knew her personal state of affairs. She too was ready for that examine which was to have arrived right now. The wants have been nice. Whereas the grocery store and the butcher have been type to her she felt that she couldn’t impose upon them…

“Rebbetzin,” known as Barkan with pleasure, “you too are towards me. Received’t you assist me to see that the rabbi tries on his new coat?”

The phone rang and the rebbetzin picked up the receiver. From the expression on her face the rabbi and Barkan knew that she had excellent news. She defined.

“It is a phone name from the monetary secretary of our synagogue. He advised me that he was out of city for just a few days and he forgot to mail our examine earlier than he left, however he’s on the way in which now with it. Might God bless him.”

Because the rabbi rose from his chair with dignity and satisfaction Barkan approached him with the brand new garment.

“AH, HAH!” exclaimed Hyman Skoopinsky as he entered the road automobile, noticing Mrs. Abe Abramson, the spouse of a wholesaler.

As a matter of truth, Hyman Skoopinsky did enterprise with Abramson, however he wished to see Mrs. Abramson, who was additionally energetic in her husband’s enterprise, about one thing that had nothing to do with merchandise.

Thankfully, there was an empty seat close to her. Skoop-insky approached Mrs. Abramson in a fairly indignant method.

“Mrs. Abramson, I used to be greater than shocked to not see you and your husband final Friday evening in our con-gregation when the plaque was devoted in honor of the boys of our members who are actually within the service.”

She replied in an detached approach.

“I’m sorry we couldn’t be there, however we have been taking stock on Friday evening.”

“Stock on Friday evening! Within the identify of God, you’ve gotten dedicated two crimes; you desecrated the Sabbath and also you disregarded such a solemn obligation to take part in an affair the place your personal son was honored.”

“Nicely,” she started to clarify, “thank God we obtain good letters from him. He’s, baruch ha-Shem, alive, and we hope he’ll come again. We thought that they have been honoring solely those that have been killed within the service.” “However,” argued Skoopinsky, “why didn’t you are taking stock on Saturday evening?”